The significance of oral hygiene is fundamental in the health of a patient.
– An estimated 80% of all pets have dental disease by the age of three. The mouth of cats and dogs is a great incubator for bacteria and can contribute to heart, liver and kidney disease.
What does a dental cleaning involve?
– General anesthesia is required.
– Pre-operative blood work is performed to evaluate the patients general health and determine if they are good candidate for the procedure.
– During the procedure the patients vitals are monitored closely (heart rate, respiratory rate, ECG, blood pressure, temperature).
– Intravenous fluids are administered to help maintain blood pressure, hydration and assist in recovery.
The dental itself:
– Visible dental calculus (tartar) is removed from the teeth and from the gum line with an ultrasonic scaler.
– Periodontal sockets are probed and measured to assess periodontal disease.
– The roots are planed (tartar is scraped from below the gum line) until the roots are smooth again.
– The enamel is polished to remove any unevenness left by tartar removal.
– The mouth is disinfected and possibly treated with a fluoride sealer or plaque repellent.
– A complete dental chart is completed, noting abnormalities on each of the dog’s 42 teeth or the cat’s 30 teeth.