Why does my dog or cat have bad breath?
An estimated 80% of all pets have oral disease. The mouth of cats and dogs is a great incubator for bacteria and can cause heart, liver and kidney disease. Preventative dental care (dental cleanings) are key in supporting a clean, healthy mouth and body.
Stages of Periodontal disease:
Stage 1 (Gingivitis) – appears as redness at the gum margin and bad breath is present.
Stage 2 (Advanced gingivitis) – appears as redness and gum swelling. Plaque and calculus (tartar) is present above and below the gum line.
Stage 3 (Periodontitis) – swollen gums, calculus, loss of gum attachment to the tooth called pocket formation. Slight tooth mobility may be present.
Stage 4 (Advanced Periodontitis) – Marked supporting bone loss, loose teeth, and gum recession.
What can I do to minimize dental disease?
- Preventative dental care (dental cleanings).
- Brush or wipe regularly. Use a toothpaste designed for dogs and cats (C.E.T toothpaste) at least a couple of times a week. It is important not to use a toothpaste made for people. Pet toothpastes contain enzymes that help dissolve plaque and can be swallowed and are good tasting.
- Use a toothbrush made for pets. You can also use a finger or a fingertip brush.
- Use specifically labeled teeth-cleaning toys.
- Provide teeth-cleaning diets like Hills t/d and Royal Canin. These diets contain a mild abrasive texture with ingredients that minimize plaque formation.
We are here to help!
If you are concerned your pet has signs of dental disease, please contact the clinic and we will be happy to address any questions you may have.